Dzisiaj dla odmiany opublikuję coś ciekawego xd
Dostajecie ode mnie pierwszy esej, który mogę opublikować, bo uważam go za majstersztyk, za który dostałem prawie maximum punktów :D Opisuję tu swoje poglądy, oczywiście oparte na rozmyśleniach mądrych ludzi, na temat Bożych intencji w tworzeniu świata :D Nie jest to oczywiście perfekcja, ale nadaje się do publikacji xd
Mam nadzieję, że to da Wam mniej więcej zarys tego, z czym borykam się praktycznie codziennie :) Jeżli chcecie eseje z innych przedmiotów - proszę piszcie, chętnie się podzielę :D
Miłego czytania :)
Explain what is meant by saying that the world was created according to God’s intentions.
To begin with, it is important to understand what it means that God had intention to create the world. Christian perspective on the creation of world is that God had intention to create this world, which means that he did not create the world without a “deep thought” about everything, but he had a perfect plan. This is proofed by many sources of Christian knowledge and observation such as the teachings of Thomas Aquinas’s Natural Law, existence of conscience, human’s stewardship, the Bible itself, Eudaimonia and Divine Command theory. They all agree that the world was created according to God’s intentions, but have different explanations why God’s intensions are observed.
The author of the first perspective is Thomas Aquinas. His theory of Natural Law states that humans were created for reason and morality. God had an intention to create humans with a common nature and God-given reason tells us what is good for that nature and what is not. Good things have to be done in order to achieve the purposes of human life which are Worshiping God, Ordered Society, Reproduction, Learning and Defending Innocent. Because humans have the purposes in their lives it is likely that God’s intention was to create them reasonable. Moreover, there is the final end available for all human beings – fellowship with God which is often called Eudaimonia. According to Aquinas, God created world intentionally and gave us a chance to achieve the highest goodness through the reason.
The second perspective is that humans can know God’s intensions through the conscience. Two major Christian thinkers, St. Augustine and St. Thomas Aquinas, had been studying the existence of conscience. St. Augustine claimed that the conscience is an innate knowledge of God’s laws, which means that the “God’s voice” inside humans was given by God in order to know his laws and to obey them. However, Aquinas had different view about the conscience and according to him, the conscience is the “power of reason”, which means that this is a device which lead to distinguishing right from wrong actions. By this, Aquinas disagreed with St. Augustine, because for Aquinas the conscience was not an inner knowledge of right and wrong. People usually tend towards good and away from evil and the conscience is reason making right decisions. However, both theories do not notice that the conscience is subjective and humans can make different decisions, even in the same circumstances. Nevertheless, even if this is subjective, this is still a proof of God’s intentions, because he gave us this ability and both theories do not contradict themselves, because they are description of the same ability.
The third perspective is the Bible, because the teaching of the Old Testament and the New Testament require people to be moral beings. The teaching of the Bible also suggests that God intends humans to reach the Kingdom of God. It does not matter whether humans accept the Bible literally or just figuratively, God’s intensions are still visible within it. Some can argue that everything depends on the nature and truth of scripture, but Christians believe that the Bible is “the word of God” and it was written under inspiration of the Holy Spirit and therefore it is true.
The fourth perspective is that God intended humans to be stewards of all creation. There is an important debate about Genesis’ aetiological myth – the myth about creation, where God gave humans “dominion” over all creatures and there is a question whether this means “power over” or “stewardship”. This apparently nothing meaning difference is crucial, because the different interpretations mean that the God’s intentions are being ignored by many. For instance, people who experiment on animals in order to improve the quality of medicine. If God gave us dominion, then we could use animals to our own aims, but if God gave us stewardship, we could not do it, because our duty was to take care of them, not to kill and use them for our own aims. However, either “dominion” or “stewardship” are the proofs of God’s intensions.
The fifth perspective is that the point of life is to live and be happy. Happiness is seen by many as the consequence of leading a good life according to the God’s intentions. Because of this claim we can know those intensions accurately. But there is a question, whether it is right to seek happiness at the expense of vivisection – the animal experimentation. This is closely related to the issue of “dominion” and “stewardship”. People often use animals to improve medicine and in consequence many of them have to die. This is an example of misunderstanding of the God’s intensions, because if humans have to be stewards, they could not use non-humans in such cruel way in order to gain benefits. Nevertheless, the God’s intentions are proofed by the point of life to live and be happy.
The sixth perspective is that God intends humans to have the ultimate purpose of life which is called eudaimonia an means the ultimate union with God and happiness in God’s presence. The teaching of Jesus in the New Testament is the point that after death humans will be able to resurrect, because Jesus was an atonement for human sin. However, there are different views about resurrection. The Catholic Church outlines the importance of heaven, whether some other fractions argue for the “Eden” on the earth. There are also different teachings in Buddhism and in Hinduism. They states that humans want to avoid resurrection through burning off karma. Nevertheless, the belief in resurrection is still popular even outside Christianity and is a proof of the God’s intentions.
There are some different teachings about the creation of world according to the God’s intensions in Christianity. However, they give different sources of this knowledge. Aquinas argues that reason and morality are the proofs, while St. Augustine considers the conscience as this proof. Almost obvious example of God’s intensions is the Bible and particularly the aetiological myth of Genesis with the theory of “stewardship”. Some also argue that the proof of God’s intensions is a prospect of happiness and especially the happiness in the God’s presence – eudaimonia.
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